Scientific Name: Rosa
Common Name: Rose Hip
Source: Rose Hip
Composition: Polyphenol, Natural ascorbic acid
Applications: Supports heart health, Helps to prevent Rheumatoid Arthritis Rose hips are pseudo-fruits from the plants of the Rosa genus in the Rosaceae family. Rosa genus contains around 100 species which are widely spread across Europe, the Middle East, Asia and North America.
1. The rose hip or rosehip, also called rose haw and rose hep, is typically red to orange but ranges from dark purple to black in some species. The pseudo-fruits from Rosa species have been used both for alimentation and for medicinal purposes due to their high-level content of bioactive compounds. They are known to have a high level of antioxidant and antimicrobial action.
2. Their antioxidant activity is due to their content in polyphenols, vitamins C, E, B and carotenoids and these compounds may have synergistic effects. Of the many fruits that show antioxidative properties, rose hip extract showed the highest antioxidant activity via Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC), Total Peroxyl Radical Trapping Potential (TRAP) and Hydroxyl Radical Averting Capacity (HORAC) assay.
3. Rose hip extract also have an anti-inflammatory action, as well as anti-diabetic and anticancer effects. The polyphenols and anthocyanins present in the rosehip extract are believed to ease joint inflammation and prevent joint damage.
4. Galactolipids contained in rose hip contributed to NO scavenging, playing an anti-tumor role. In bone diseases, such as AR, rose hip displays a beneficial anti-inflammatory effect by reducing peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leucocytes, neutrophils and monocytes migration, demising the CRP levels, inhibiting of COX-1 and -2, reducing pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines and inhibiting the activation of NF-κB activation.
5. Moreover, rose hips also play a beneficial an antioxidant role and reduce bone loss through the inhibition of osteoclastogenesis. In diabetes, antioxidants and vitamin E contained in rose hip extract could ameliorate the secondary complications of this disease. Rosa canina has also been proven to increase the proliferation of β-pancreatic cells and increase the number of pancreatic islets in vivo.
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3. Halvorsen B.L., Holte K., Myhrstad M.C., Barikmo I., Hvattum E., Remberg S.F., Wold A.B., Haffner K., Baugerod H., Andersen L.F., et al. A systematic screening of total antioxidants in dietary plants. J. Nutr. 2002;132:461–471
4. https://www.versusarthritis.org/about-arthritis/complementary-and-alternative- treatments/types-ofcomplementary-treatments/rosehip/.